Thyroid Cancer Canada
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Treatment Options

There are several effective treatment and maintenance options.

Treatments Options

There are many treatments available for thyroid cancer, with excellent success rates. If you have thyroid cancer, your doctor will determine a treatment plan based on your symptoms, disease characteristics and individual needs. Treatment may include the following, which are discussed.

Treatment options

Treatment OptionsWho it’s Recommended For
SurgeryAll cases*
TSH Suppression with Thyroid Hormone ReplacementSome cases
Radioactive Iodine Treatment (RAI)Some cases
External Beam Radiation (EBR or XRT)Rare
ChemotherapyUsually reserved for Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer (ATC) or other aggressive forms
Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKI)For Medullary Thyroid Cancer (MTC) and cancer that does not respond to RAI
Follow-upAll cases

*Some micro-tumours (< 1cm) may be followed regularly and not require surgery.